Monday, 17 October 2016

India : Superpower???



Around 800 million people in the world still do not have food to eat to lead healthy and fulfilling lives. Recently Global Hunger Index was released by The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). IFPRI  calculates GHI scores every year to assess progress towards combating hunger. Though hunger level has fallen by 29 % in developing countries but India is  ranked 97 and categorized with serious hunger level. It is below than neighborhood country like Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka . India has only better score than Afghanistan, Pakistan, Timor-leste  and  North Korea in South Asia. GHI assesses  hunger on 4 criteria:

1. Undernourishment
2. Stunting
3. Wasting
4. Child Mortality

As per recent data 40 % of children(under 5 year age ) in India are stunted compared to 60 % in 1990. While analyzing the report, Iraq is in better position than India. Though more than a decade  old unrest takes toll on country.  Central African Republic and Chad have the highest GHI scores(means alarming condition)  in the report , relatively lower percentage over year 2000. On other hand, country like Rawanda , Cambodia and Myanmar have seen largest percentage reduction in hunger of all countries cateogrized as serious or alarming.


  1.  Undernourishment is down by 75 % in Myanmar in comparison to year 2000.
  2.  Wasting and child mortality  is down by 75 % in Rawanda in comparison to year 2000.
  3.  Child Mortality and stunting  is down by 75 and 34 % in Cambodia in comparison to year 2000.
Iraq, Central African Republic , Chad, Myanmar, Rawanda either faced conflict,mass displacement or civil war or democratically ruled by Army. But , what is the reason of poor performance of largest democracy in the world -India on GHI Index??  Literally, It has not faced any war in last 17 years or civil unrest , conflict.. There is no doubt that India is best performing economy of the world. Current Growth rate is approximately 7 percent. Purchasing power Parity of India has improved over the years but It  is still lagging behind in comparison to China and USA. But there are "ifs" and "buts". There is huge potential in the country .But it still faces developmental challenges. Cast-ism   is compounded by by the emergence of new  inequalities of wealth stemming from India’s economic success. Fraud, bribery, political corruption and nepotism are big challenge to vast country like India.

India is one of the world’s largest agricultural producers of staple crops, fruits, horticulture, and dairy. Employment in Agriculture is 48.9% of the workforce, yet Contribution of Agriculture in GDP has reduced to 17.4 %(2014-15). India’s cereal yields ((2961.6 kg per ha)are drastically lower than those of developed regions such as North America (6671 kg per ha), East Asia and the Pacific (5,184 kg per ha), and the Euro area (5855.4 kg per ha). Climate change has added to the enormity of India’s food security challenges.It impacts crops, livestock, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture, and  cause grave social and economic consequences in the form of reduced incomes, eroded livelihoods, trade disruption and adverse health impacts. However, it is important to note that the net impact of climate change depends not only on the extent of the climatic shock but also on the underlying vulnerabilities.The impact of climate change on water availability  particularly severe for India because large parts of the country already suffer from water scarcity, to begin with, and largely depend on groundwater for irrigation.The regions with high food insecurity and inequality, have increased frequency of droughts and floods ,affecting children more, given their vulnerability.  

If India  wants to be a superpower, It has to take transformative plan of action as follows:
  1.  To Integrate  Zero Hunger in National Plan  with indicators, targets and timeline.
  2. To work with finance and planning ministries to fulfill requirement of budget towards zero hunger in the country.
  3. To Prioritize Policy with Sustainable development goals .
  4. Coordination across the sector such as Health, Agriculture,  Education, Nutrition , WASH and Social Protection to fulfill the goal of zero hunger in the country.
After seven decade of independence of India, there are  194.6 million  people  hungry, that God still  appear to them except in the form of bread. India has failed to achieve MDG and WSF target in past, Hopefully, It shall achieve SDG target in time. 

Tuesday, 12 May 2015

Nutritional Paradox of India





     



India is such a land of extreme paradoxes  with 40-50  'dollar billionaires' on the one hand and 260 million below poverty line people on the other. When we talk of nutrition, issue of malnutrition in country pops up first .Even growing awareness about benefit of health & fitness does not help the India. In India , more than 3 percent (viz. approx. 3 crore) of the Indian population is obese and many more are overweight.  Though , industrial policy of India was rolled out in year 1956. But, it really came out of box after liberalization of  1991. It improved economic situation of the country, increasing urbanization, nutrition transition to world palate, and reduced physical activity, the prevalence of obesity is showing a marked upward trend in adults as well as children. Let us not be startled at the fact that we and our children are probably the most sedentary generation of people in the history of India. India has given scope for two type of malnutrition: under nutrition & over nutrition.. In coming years, country shall face obesity as major challenge as there is increasing number of overweight & obese.The urban area is more prone to it. The reason is sedentary life style.UN has declared 21st june as International yoga day.Citizen must inculcate yoga in their daily routine. It shall help India to do away with increasing danger of health issue...


Note:SES works on malnutrition but looking obesity as serious challenge in coming years. 

Monday, 11 May 2015

ENDING CHILD MARRIAGE


THE PRACTICE OF CHILD MARRIAGE IS NOT NEW FOR OUR WORLD. IT HAPPENS MOSTLY IN COUNTRIES OF SOUTH ASIA, SOUTH AFRICA & LATIN AMERICA. EACH YEAR MORE THAN 14 MILLION GIRLS AROUND THE WORLD WILL BE MARRIED BEFORE 18. IN OTHER WORDS 384612/DAY,27/MINUTE, 1 IN EVERY 2 SECOND.IN INDIA, CHILD MARRIAGE CAME UNDER EXAMINATION DURING SOCIAL REFORM IN COLONIZED INDIA. 
130 MILLION SOUTH ASIAN GIRLS EXPECTED TO FORCE INTO EARLY MARRIAGE BY 2030.INDIA HAS LARGEST NUMBER OF CHILD BRIDES IN THE WORLD. THOUGH , INCIDENCE HAS BEEN DECREASING. IT AFFECTS BOYS & GIRLS BOTH BUT IT AFFECTS GIRLS IN GRATER NUMBER  & WITH GRAVER CONSEQUENCES . TO END CHILD MARRIAGE, KNOWLEDGE & SKILL SHALL BE ENHANCED ON :

1. SEXUAL & REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
2. HUMAN RIGHTS
3. FINANCIAL LITERACY
4. LIFE SKILLS
5. SERVICES & OPPORTUNITIES
OVER ALL , ENDING CHILD MARRIAGE NEEDS SELF TRANSFORMATION OF INDIVIDUAL I.E. SELF AWARENESS & SELF EFFICACY, ENHANCED ASPIRATION, ENHANCED OPPORTUNITIES & ALTERNATIVES, VOICE & SELF EXPRESSION. IT CAN BE DONE THROUGH CAPACITY BUILDING, CONTROL OVER RESOURCES & MAKING INFORMED CHOICES.

  

NOTE: SES LOOKS CHILD MARRIAGE  A SOCIAL PROBLEM WHICH GIVES BIRTH TO OTHER SOCIAL PROBLEMS. SES IS MEMBER OF GIRLS NOT BRIDES. GIRLS NOT BRIDES AIMS TO END CHILD MARRIAGE. AT SES, WE BELIEVE, IT IS ONCE A GENERATION OPPORTUNITY TO SHAPE THE FACE OF GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT, WE WANT TO MAKE SURE WE MAKE MOST OF IT. JOIN US TO END THE MENACE OF CHILD MARRAIGE.

Monday, 16 September 2013

Befooled or deliberately behaving like fool??







It has been five years in this sector, It was an eye opener. I have observed & learned about operating style of this sector. I would like to share few of my thoughts & what will one should choose to remain in sector.

 Earlier this was found that person who did not achieve or failed enters in this sector
(exception are always there). But  scenario has changed in last few years. People are employing business graduate . It is good sign  for this sector . But a sustainable revenue model is still ken for those who run these organization. One has three options for funding: Government, Foreign & Private Sector.

We know government has ample resources but rampant corruption is hampering the development process. New trend has been seen that you work, pay & I'll reimburse you. Those organization which have various funders, they do not want to touch government projects or you can say they have vision for those organization. But, those small organization who fight for survival, has no option. Some of them work, pay & reimbursement model. I have seenone  organization who work , paid around 15 lakh rupees but have not reimbursed after one year of project end date. Babuswill only pass your file to next table when you give then some bribe(Suvidha fees- convenience fess)   I'd like  to suggest those involved NGO to  if you can manage such kind of money , why can not your start your own work in those amount??? what is difference between you & a contractor?? you have started working on basis of passion for social issue, why would you pay for that project. Let them realize they are social servant, they have to do their work . It is not our work . I think somewhere NGOs lost their social esteem & started working as slave in  some historic dynasty.

As far as foreign funders, it is assumed that India is rich country & most of people have come out of poverty . Some of renowned agency is phasing out. Those who are remained, corruption is still there. Those working in these agencies come from same community. They love to pass projects once they get some dough(Exception is also there). They are those shameless person who once dreamt to make difference in society.

Earlier those agencies have made project acceptance complex with bizarre jargons. I think , all of those have different vision for their organization , not for this country  & their implementing partners has to follow their orders as they have to for survival.


While private partners  are in nascent stage & have their own agenda.  Most of them treat CSR as clandestine mission . They do not want others to reach them . Most of these professionals companies do not have web pages or address to reach them . They think CSR means either engage their employee in some community work or work near their plant. They must broaden CSR term. they have to establish separate office and let's start difficult & unreachable terrain of India. I have contacted some of corporates & they replied they are working in poorer region. I thought- Does my organization works in affluent area . Eastern Part of Uttar Pradesh is most backward region of Uttar Pradesh . One of agency have made their strategy as  they will work in telanagana , vidarbh, Mewar..I have mailed them , your strategy is either based on media reports or you have not traveled India except few parts.  Rather than implementing partners working on various issue. It would be great if companies adopt villages & focus on their over all development.

Most inevitable thing, NGO sector need to be organized . There are two different thing either you are befooled by someone or you like to remain a fool . If you are befooled once, let's change the situation. If you are befooled several times ,let's change the situation.  Learning from your mistake lead to you pinnacle . If you do not, you are near about nadir & no external factor is going to save you.

 
  

Thursday, 13 December 2012

Social Media & NGO


We live in a world in which many good people and various organization are working.  Non-Governmental Organizations Is one of them. they are independent from the government. We Know perform several role from working for vulnerable community, bring citizen's crucial before the government & encourage community to particiapte & demand for their rights.In India, there are 3.3 million NGOs.In this crowded market, every NGO wants to be different & stand out of clutter. As they are tagged as "Non-profit", Morethan 90 % NGOs have limited resources. Like Companies, they can spent on marketing for their work or selling a product from a community based organization.

In Last 5 years, social media emerged as a tool where everyone wants that people hear their voice. Whether it is facebook, twitter , linkedin , you tube, blogger or word press et al . Actually Social Media(SM) is pretty low in costs. You just need a computer or smart phone with internet connection and you can spread your work orappeal for crticial causes online.It gives an opportunity where  NGO can converse with general public or audience. social Media is certainly growing but it is extremely importnat for A NGO to make & choose proper social media strategy.As A NGO has to do following things:


- Create a Facebook page for their organization. Use another or new id for facebook. The person who is enged or handling may leave organization & another person can take over.
- Do Not only mail or demand for donation but they must be convinced with story telling.
- Prefer Writing Blog rather than pasting link of other site, it will increase of that site not of yours.
- MAke Good use of pictures on your web page.
- Use Microsoft Essentials such as gallery or movie maker to give professional look to organization.
- Make powerful status quote & blog regularly to your social media.
- you can also use outlook.com & sky drive too.

Social Media can play important role in reach of NGOs if they use it smartly.

Tuesday, 30 October 2012

NGO SHOULD LOOK BEYOND CONEVNTIONAL METHOD FOR SUSTAINABILITY...

When I was young & people  talk about NGO- A person with Kurta, Payjma & Chappal comes in mind.I never thought I'll come in this sector. After completion of my post graduation, I have joined some companies & enjoying the life. In between post graduation & job, I have prepared for civil services. Though, I flunked in given attempts. It has given lot of opportunity to learn about society & other rules, norms.Those years brought me closer to social sector. An interest has been developed in thos years for social work. My monotonous job  pushed me more towards social sector. I have shared my thought of joining organization but he was reluctant to my thought. it took me four years to convinced me. Now, it has been four years & I have learned & observed several thing about this sector. The issue pinch me every time- is sustainability of a NGO. I have seen some organization are funded by state agency or foreign funders. It is quite surprising to see organization working from last 10-20 years are not sustainable yet. Every times they bring projects for two to three years & after their completion they ran here & there again for funds.In my view, corporates can help NGO to grow not only in terms of money but through other resources.

- NGO are not able to place right person for right job. As helplessness, they have to hire a person who may have less experience/knowledge/skill.Corporate can help them to organise talent in social sector at different level.
- Most of NGOs are one man show. One organization is known by one of their leader rather than of organization. Corporate can help them to develop a structure & leader as well.

- developing skill. Corporate can train human resource on various skill.

But , Corporates should also understand that "Non Profit" is legal tag which prevents misuse of fund. They must understand that people working in NGOs are also human being & they have too run a family. Corporate support is future for NGOs if they (Corporates) they came out of their comfort zone that- they will only do social work near their plants or factory. India need balance regional development to suppress several crucial problem of country.         

Tuesday, 7 February 2012

The Thin Line - An analysis of NGO Sector

There is no iota of doubt that social & development work is most challenging task for NGOs and its partners. it is very tough to sell your product or service when buyer is community. It is hard to change behavior or attitude. You never know whether it will be change or not.... , we need to criticize "Operational & Funding Model In South".As, I live in India, I can better tell it in context of India.

 It is generally seen that we are always  looking for big project . Most of implementer like us  are experts in their own right  . But most of time, we are busy in managing donor or donor organization. Rather than of energizing our  work, we are busy with aesthetic of work. Southern NGO are busy in documenting,reporting of the work.Most of the time a tiny fraction of work is reported . It is like Body without Soul(only beautification of work, rather than right way of doing work ). In the name of monitoring , there is some site visits which includes photograph,decorated case study ,air journey, palate full food etc.Sometimes it looks that they come for a vacation.Oh  Damn !!  You are here to assess the work which matters for person who are devoid of two time meals.Monitoring  is always expensive . Those money can be used for community development rather than of spending lavishly .   Can  we not develop a peer review system ??A system  where monitoring doesn't meant terror of donor(always limited to fear of his reaction, future of project ) but learning, sharing and teaching experience. The sector has fear of failure . If this fails what will happen?? Failure always teaches you .It is always seen that we as  NGO sector complains about lack of coordination among various stakeholders (within government department or government and bureaucrats). We never realized same thing about our  own sector. Implementers do not cooperate or share . It is always emphasized on north-south dialogue. South-South dialogue is inevitable for fruitful result in social/development sector in developing country. We are generally gypsy. Gypsy in terms of searching fund. Most of time, we are busy in filling various application  format of different donor. Can't we have a single format?? We can't .We are afflicted with atychiphobia.We  consider the possibility of failure so intense that we plan things but  choose not to take the risk without consent (or fear )of donor. We generally undermine our  own efforts so that we no longer have to continue to try.We behave like   pawn in hands of donor .A foreign donor decide how we work for  a particular community.    

NGO sector is trapped in Vaccine Thinking. It didn't develop overnight. It is outcome of success of scientific & industrial action.it is deeply ingrained in our mind completely taken over our various system. Vaccine Thinking assume that there is a single universal solution for a single problem.It is applicable to all genders, races or ages. For Example: Climate Change Problem can not solve with vaccine thinking. It varies from location, weather etc.  With Vaccine Thinking,we  can not do away with problem of Climate Change or Poverty.We need to wear spectacle with different  lens. A lens which allow to see problem differently and try to find out various answer ,processes and results.Can We do It?? Yes, We Can....



Quote:The line between failure and success is so fine. . . that we are often on the line and do not know it.